Read e-book online Accelerating China's rural transformation PDF

By Albert J. Nyberg, Scott Rozelle

ISBN-10: 0821345761

ISBN-13: 9780821345764

"...two concerns stay crucial to the [Chinese] government's rural improvement goals: nutrition safety and poverty relief. China has made notable development in assembly those targets: the economic system, together with the agricultural quarter, has grown at extraordinary charges throughout the reform period." whereas China's rural items, enter, hard work, and land markets are enhancing, they continue to be nascent. China nonetheless must foster numerous serious associations, akin to an efficient economic process, a extra effective rural economy, a attainable land tenure association, and a remodeled exchange and funding setting for agriculture. the first objective of this file is to spot and consolidate info on those the most important concerns that impression on rural improvement in China. This record assesses strategic concepts from the viewpoint of potency, equitable improvement, and progress. it really is meant to aid govt officers and global financial institution employees to prioritize coverage and institutional reforms and public funding judgements within the rural zone.

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Furthermore, the productivity gains are largely exhausted from transition policies and institutions; future productivity gains will come from efficiencies, stimulated by market forces, and improved productivity of scarce water and land resources, through resource conservation and new technologies. The rural-agricultural sector will remain dependent on a robust urban-industrial sector to create jobs and absorb surplus rural and agricultural laborthereby permitting the remaining farmers access to additional land resources.

The transformation of China into a more affluent, modern industrial economy depends on sharply increasing incomes and shifting a large part of the population out of agriculture. Page xi Obtaining off-farm employment has been the surest route to improving incomes. In the past, rural and urban institutions restricted the movement of labor off the farm. The recent explosion of off-farm work proves that many of these barriers have been removed. ) However, obstacles still prevent farm families from moving to locations that promise them higher returns, particularly features of the urban economy, such as strict prohibitions to job access, urban resident permits, and restricted access to urban services.

Consequently, denuding hillsides to cultivate subsistence crops and deforestation to meet immediate fuelwood needs have led to erosion and natural resource degradation. Various projects have found that improving erosion control through increasing vegetative cover and improving cultivation techniques are economically efficient and should be replicated. Similarly, expanding the forest resources to support continued growth in construction and agroprocessing has been an economically efficient investment.

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Accelerating China's rural transformation by Albert J. Nyberg, Scott Rozelle

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