By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather swap have figured prominently in clinical research and overseas policymaking because the early Nineties. This publication formulates know-how suggestions that would result in environmentally sustainable strength structures, in keeping with an research of world weather switch concerns utilizing the idea that of sustainable improvement. The authors specialize in environmentally appropriate, long term expertise advancements in the worldwide strength approach, whereas additionally contemplating facets of monetary and social sustainability. The authors research numerous substitute situations and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and those who don't. due to their research, they establish a number of promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in line with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development state of affairs and its coverage implications are then provided intimately from a know-how swap standpoint. The authors suggest bold goals for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental targets. even supposing the optimum coverage combine to pursue those goals is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that results in know-how functionality advancements and the advertising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage strategies so one can yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, power economics, and expertise swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable booklet.
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This means that the common ‘climate sensitivity’ parameter – indicating the global temperature increase as a consequence of this doubling – directly corresponds to the value of 550 ppmv. Second, that level appears as a kind of first-order compromise between environmental and economic objectives. The whole concept of considering concentration limits refers to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which includes, as its central objective, the ‘stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system’.
10), with CO2 emissions reaching 14 GtC by 2100. IIASA-WEC A The IIASA-WEC A family of scenarios features high rates of economic growth, that is, an average annual rate of 2 per cent per year in the OECD countries and twice this rate in the developing countries. To achieve this, the scenario assumes a favourable geopolitical environment and free markets. The assumed high economic growth facilitates a more rapid turnover of capital stock and thus rapid technological progress. The IIASA-WEC A family of scenarios has three members, mainly distinguished by the dominant source of primary-energy supply.
3 The classification of energy reserves and resources, McKelvey diagram annual availability, however. In addition, the model includes constraints on the speed of build-up of capacities that harvest renewable energy. NOTES 1. For a survey including 42 learning rates of energy technologies, see McDonald and Schrattenholzer (2001). 2. The demand categories are industry thermal, industry non-thermal, residential/ commercial thermal, residential/commercial non-thermal, feedstocks, non-commercial and transport.
Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios by Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer