By By (author) Donald W. Osborn
Offering useful methods to discovering a spot for African languages within the details revolution, this assessment lays the root for extra successfully bridging the "digital divide" by way of discovering new suggestions to outdated difficulties. carried out through the PanAfrican Localization undertaking less than the sponsorship of Canada’s overseas improvement study middle, this survey explores stumbling blocks that hamper better use of African languages in software program and net content material, assesses attainable ideas and maps for his or her succeed in, and identifies destiny tendencies within the box. one of the key matters mentioned are the significance of localization within the African context; obstacles to extra common use of African languages in web laptop expertise; and through whom, for which languages, and during which international locations efforts are being made. significant to the dialogue is the advent of the concept that of "localization ecology" to account for the foremost components, facilitate dialogue in their interplay, and get in touch with realization to how making plans and imposing localization can and will reflect on those issues.
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Extra info for African Languages in a Digital Age: Challenges and Opportunities for Indigenous Language Computing
It is important, however, to remember that localisation is not only affected by various factors, but is also a process that can introduce new dynamics into other spheres of activity, such as the use of ICT, education, the development of languages and the evolution of the sociolinguistic situation. The model, like the real-world situation it is intended to reflect, is therefore thoroughly interactive. When we consider a particular localisation effort, we usually think of a group of people or an organisation dealing with a range of specific tasks and requiring the input of some resources and perhaps advice and information to achieve them.
36 One such example was the efforts of the International Institute for African Languages and Cultures (IIALC 1930) to standardise the use of the Latin script at a continental level. 37 There have been similar projects at regional levels in various parts of the continent. Altogether, these ongoing efforts have had some success in guiding country-level agencies that have set the orthographies for languages within their borders. The standardisation of the use of the Arabic script has not received as much attention, although the Islamic States Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (ISESCO) sponsored an effort to develop a standardised set of modified characters for several sub-Saharan African languages (see Chtatou 1992).
In the real world, of course, many factors interact. za ELWCs and foreign languages. The educational system, by focusing on the official languages (ELWCs) to the exclusion or marginalisation of L1s, may reinforce this notion. Policies concerning language of instruction in schools and language policy generally mandate such approaches, and economic factors (including other development priorities, budget realities, shortage of trained teachers and costs of materials) limit the resources that can be devoted to L1 instruction.
African Languages in a Digital Age: Challenges and Opportunities for Indigenous Language Computing by By (author) Donald W. Osborn