By Alfred Thayer Mahan
The historical past of Sea strength is basically, although under no circumstances completely, a story of contests among international locations, of mutual rivalries, of violence often culminating in conflict. The profound impression of sea trade upon the wealth and power of nations was once basically noticeable lengthy earlier than the genuine rules which ruled its development and prosperity have been detected. To safe to one's personal humans a disproportionate proportion of such advantages, each attempt was once made to exclude others, both through the peaceable legislative equipment of monopoly or prohibitory laws, or, whilst those failed, via direct violence. The conflict of pursuits, the offended emotions roused by means of conflicting makes an attempt hence to acceptable the bigger percentage, if no longer the total, of some great benefits of trade, and of far away unsettled advertisement areas, ended in wars. nonetheless, wars coming up from different motives were significantly changed of their behavior and factor via the keep an eye on of the ocean. hence the historical past of sea strength, whereas embracing in its large sweep all that has a tendency to make a humans nice upon the ocean or by way of the ocean, is essentially an army background; and it really is during this point that it'll be customarily, even though no longer solely, looked within the following pages.
A research of the army background of the prior, equivalent to this, is enjoined via nice army leaders as necessary to right rules and to the skilful behavior of battle sooner or later. Napoleon names one of the campaigns to be studied through the aspiring soldier, these of Alexander, Hannibal, and Caesar, to whom gunpowder was once unknown; and there's a immense contract between specialist writers that, whereas a number of the stipulations of battle range from age to age with the development of guns, there are specific teachings within the tuition of heritage which stay consistent, and being, as a result, of common software, might be increased to the rank of basic rules. for a similar cause the research of the ocean heritage of the earlier could be discovered instructive, via its representation of the overall ideas of maritime warfare, although the nice adjustments which were caused in naval guns by way of the medical advances of the earlier part century, and through the advent of steam because the rationale power.
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Extra resources for Alfred Thayer Mahan - The Influence Of Sea Power Upon History (1660-1783)
Between France and Holland it was otherwise and the fall of Holland proceeded, not necessarily from her inferior size and numbers, but from faulty policy on the part of the two governments. It does not concern us to decide which was the more to blame. France, admirably situated for the possession of sea power, received a definite policy for the guidance of her government from two great rulers, Henry IV. and Richelieu. With certain well−defined projects of extension eastward upon the land were combined a steady resistance to the House of Austria, which then ruled in both CHAPTER 1.
In 1756, when things were no longer at their worst, France had but forty−five ships−of−the−line, England nearly one hundred and thirty; and when the forty−five were to be armed and equipped, there was found to be neither material nor rigging nor supplies; not even enough artillery. Nor was this all. “Lack of system in the government,” says a French writer, “brought about indifference, and opened the door to disorder and lack of discipline. Never had unjust promotions been so frequent; so also never had more universal discontent been seen.
As late as 1789, at the outbreak of the Revolution, the French Navy List still bore the name of an official whose duty was to verify the proofs of noble birth on the part of those intending to enter the naval school. Since 1815, and especially in our own day, the government of England has passed very much more into the hands of the people at large. Whether her sea power will suffer therefrom remains to be seen. Its broad basis still remains in a great trade, large mechanical industries, and an extensive colonial system.
Alfred Thayer Mahan - The Influence Of Sea Power Upon History (1660-1783) by Alfred Thayer Mahan