Get Algal Biorefineries: Volume 2: Products and Refinery Design PDF

By Aleš Prokop, Rakesh K. Bajpai, Mark E. Zappi

ISBN-10: 3319201999

ISBN-13: 9783319201993

ISBN-10: 3319202006

ISBN-13: 9783319202006

Algae provide capability to supply renewable chemical compounds and fuels utilizing solar power and carbon dioxide from surroundings or in flue gases whereas concurrently lowering the new release of greenhouse gases. given that those will be grown on marginal lands with micronutrients and macronutrients usually found in waste streams, algae-based chemical compounds and fuels don't compete with meals. nonetheless large-scale construction of algae-based fuels and chemical compounds faces massive technological and in your price range demanding situations and it is going to via necessity require a biorefinery technique in which all of the attainable algal parts are switched over into value-added compounds. the current sequence on algal biorefineries represents a discussion board for reporting the state-of-the-art of alternative applied sciences in addition to the newest advances during this box. the amount II of this sequence enhances the amount I when it comes to the present state-of-the-art. various chapters during this quantity deal with diversified matters starting from genetically modifies algae to new items to life-cycle research of algal products.

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S. and most other countries around the world, manufacturing processes involving genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) would likely trigger additional regulatory scrutiny before manufacturing could begin and products could be sold. This chapter will review the regulations that are applicable to fuel and chemical production using genetically modified algae, cyanobacteria and other microorganisms in the United States and elsewhere in the world, and which would also apply to organisms created for these purposes using synthetic biology.

Prokop et al. J. Glass Introduction Genetically modified microorganisms, including microalgae and cyanobacteria, are increasingly being developed for the production of renewable fuels or bio-based chemicals. The development of biological methods of manufacturing commodity products currently made from petrochemical feedstocks promises to make an important contribution to the reduction of global carbon emissions and the movement to more sustainable industrial activities. Microbiological methods have long been used for the production of ethanol or other industrial chemicals, but the proposed use of genetically modified organisms offers potentially significant advantages over traditional methods, such as improved productivity, decreased operational costs, the ability to use a more diverse range of feedstocks, and possibly more favorable carbon footprints.

Government rules that have covered uses of transgenic plants in agriculture and more recently the increasing interest in using plants for other industrial purposes, such as production of pharmaceuticals, industrial products, and phytoremediation. A small number of modified agricultural microorganisms have also fallen under this regulation, and it is worth noting that there have been some in the algae community that have expressed a preference for the USDA to use this regulation to assert jurisdiction over industrial uses of modified algae, due to the commonalities between algalculture and agriculture and USDA’s historical support for, and involvement with, the algae industry (Trentacoste et al.

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Algal Biorefineries: Volume 2: Products and Refinery Design by Aleš Prokop, Rakesh K. Bajpai, Mark E. Zappi

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